Do TaeKwon-Do

8th Degree Grading

The following cards show all things you need to demonstrate for your next grading.

It is assumed you can demonstrate everything from previous gradings.

Pattern - Saju Jirugi

Four direction punching

Pattern - Saju Makgi

Four direction blocking

Pattern - Chon-Ji

Chon-Ji means literally "the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.

Pattern - Dan-Gun

Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2,333 B.C.

Pattern - Do-San

Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938) The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

Pattern - Won-Hyo

Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.

Pattern - Yul-Gok

Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of the great philospher and teacher Yi I (1536-1584). He was nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38 degree latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".

Pattern - Joong-Gun

Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played a leading part in the Korea-Japan Merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shing prison (1910).

Pattern - Toi-Gye

Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degree latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".

Pattern - Hwa-Rang

Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group that originated in the Silla dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.

Pattern - Choong-Moo

Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to have been the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left-hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.

Pattern - Kwang-Gae

Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of the lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A.D., the year he came to the throne.

Pattern - Po-Eun

Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

Pattern - Ge-Baek

Ge-Baek is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The pattern represents his severe and strict military discipline.

Pattern - Eui-Am

Eui-Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, the leader of the Korean independence movement on 1st March 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religeon) in 1905. The diagram represents his indomitable spirit displayed whilst dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

Pattern - Choong-Jang

Choong-Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Yi Dynasty, 14th Century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolise the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

Pattern - Juche

Juche is the philosopical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything, in other words, the idea that man is the masterof the world. It is said that this idea was rooted on the Baekdu Mountain that symbolises the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram represents the Baekdu Mountain.

Pattern - Sam-Il

Sam-Il denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

Pattern - Yoo-Sin

Yoo-Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin's mistake of following his king's orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

Pattern - Choi-Yong

Choi-Yong is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Yi dynasty.

Pattern - Yon-Gae

Yon-Gae is named after the famous general general during the Koguryo dynasty, Yon Gae Somoon. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A.D., the year he forced the Tang dynasty to leave Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung.

Pattern - Ul-Ji

Ul-Ji is named after General Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang's invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D.. Ul-Ji used hit and run guerilla tactics to decimate a large percentage of the opposing force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represent General Chois age when he designed this pattern.

Pattern - Moon-Moo

Moon-moo honours the 30th King of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great Kings Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea 'Where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese'. It is said that the Sol Gul Am (Stone Cave) was bult to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla dynasty. The 61 movements represent the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.

Pattern - So-San

So-San is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) during the Yi dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organised a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repel the Japanese pirates who over ran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.

Pattern - Se-Jong

Se-Jong is named after the greatest Korean king Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was a noted meteorologist. The diagram represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.

Pattern - Tong-Il

Tong-Il denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolises the homogenous race.


The Founder Of Taekwon-Do, General Choi Hong Hi, 9th Degree Black Belt.


Taekwon-Do is a Korean martial art.


Taekwon-Do literally means ‘Foot Hand Art’ - The art of hand and foot fighting.


Taekwon-Do was founded on 11th April 1955.


ITF - International Taekwon-Do Federation.


Tenents Of Taekwon-Do

  1. Courtesy
  2. Integrity
  3. Perseverance
  4. Self Control
  5. Indominatable Spirit


English Korean
Attention Charyot
Ready Junbi
Back to Ready Paro
At Ease Swiyo
Dismiss Hae San


English Korean
One Hanna
Two Dul
Three Set
Four Net
Five Dasot
Six Yasot
Seven Elgob
Eight Yadol
Nine Ahop
Ten Yol


English Korean
Low Najunde
Middle Kaunde
High Nopunde


English Korean
Instructor Sabum


English Korean
Foot Tae
Hand Kwon
Art Do
Pattern Tul
Release Jappyosul Tae

Body Parts

English Korean
Fore Fist Ap Joomuk
Knife-Hand Sonkal
Forearm Palmok
Outer Forearm Bakat Palmok
Inner Forearm An Palmok
Knee Moorup
Back Fist Dung Joomuk
Long Fist Ghin Joomuk
Open Fist Pyun Joomuk
Palm Sonbadak
Knuckle Fist Sonkarak Joomuk
Middle Knuckle Fist Joongji Joomuk
Reverse Knife-Hand Sonkal Dung
Flat Fingertip Opun Sonkut
Straight Fingertip Sun Sonkut
Upset Fingertip Dwijibun Sonkut
Angle Fingertip Homi Sonkut
Arc-Hand Bandal Son
Back Hand Sondung
Back Forearm Dung Palmok
Under Forearm Mit Palmok
Elbow Palkup
Bow Wrist Sonmok Dung
Finger Belly Songarak Badak
Footsword Balkal
Instep Baldung
Reverse Footsword Balkal Dung
Side Sole Yop Bal Badak
Forehead Ima
Shoulder Euhke
Shin Jong Kwaeng-i


English Korean
Attention Stance Charyot Sogi
Parallel Stance Narani Sogi
Walking Stance Gunnun Sogi
Sitting Stance Annun Sogi
L-Stance Niunja Sogi
Fixed Stance Gojung Sogi
X-Stance Kyocha Sogi
Low Stance Nachuo Sogi
Close Stance Moa Sogi
Vertical Stance Soojik Sogi
Diagonal Stance Sasun Sogi
One-Leg Stance Waebal Sogi
Rear Foot Stance Dwitbal Sogi
Ready Stance Junbi Sogi
Parallel Ready Stance Narani Junbi Sogi
Close Ready Stance Moa Junbi Sogi
Walking Ready Stance Gunnun Junbi Sogi
Bending Ready Stance Guburyo Junbi Sogi
Close Ready Stance A Moa Junbi Sogi A
Close Ready Stance B Moa Junbi Sogi B
Close Ready Stance C Moa Junbi Sogi C
Bending Ready Stance A Guburyo Junbi Sogi A
Bending Ready Stance B Guburyo Junbi Sogi B


English Korean
Obverse Punch Baro Jirugi
Reverse Punch Bandae Jirugi
Straight Fingertip Thrust Sun Sonkut Tulgi
Elbow Strike Palkup Taerigi
Back Fist Strike Dung Joomuk Taerigi
Upper Elbow Strike Wi Palkup Taerigi
Twin Vertical Punch Sang Sewo Jirugi
Twin Upset punch Sang Dwijibo Jirugi
Angle Punch Giokja Jirugi
Twin Side Elbow Thrust Sang Yop Palkup Tulgi
Downward knife-hand Strike Naeryo Sonkal Taerigi
Elbow Thrust Palkup Tulgi
Inward knife-hand Strike Anuro Sonkal Taerigi
High Reverse knife-hand Front Strike Nopunde Sonkal Dung Ap Taerigi
Vertical Stance Punch Soojik So Jirugi
X-Stance Punch Kyocha So Jirugi
Vertical Punch Sewo Jirugi
Side Punch Yop Jirugi
Side Front Punch Yobap Jirugi
Upward Punch Ollyo Jirugi
Upset Punch Dwijibo Jirugi
U-Shape Punch Digutja Jirugi
Downward Punch Naeryo Jirugi
Crescent Punch Bandal Jirugi
Turning Punch Dollyo Jirugi
Knuckle Fist Punch Songarak Joomuk Jirugi
Horizontal Punch Soopyong Jirugi
Downward Thrust Naeryo Tulgi
Side Thrust Yop Tulgi
Horizontal Thrust Soopyong Tulgi
Inward Strike Anuro Taerigi
Downward Strike Naeryo Taerigi
Outward Strike Bakuro Taerigi
Side Strike Yop Taerigi
Horizontal Strike Soopyong Taerigi
Front Strike Ap Taerigi
Crescent Strike Bandal Taerigi
Side Back Strike Yopdwi Taerigi
Side Front Strike Yobap Taerigi


English Korean
High Block Nopunde Makgi
Middle Block Kaunde Makgi
Low Block Najunde Makgi
Inward Block Anuro Makgi
Outward Block Bakuro Makgi
Front Block Ap Makgi
Side Block Yop Makgi
Side Front Block Yobap Makgi
Waist Block Hori Makgi
Checking Block Mochau Makgi
Rising Block Chookyo Makgi
Upward block Ollyo Makgi
Downward Block Naeryo Makgi
Pressing Block Noollo Makgi
Hooking Block Golcho Makgi
Wedging Block Hechyo Makgi
Parallel Block Narani Makgi
Pushing Block Miron Makgi
Scooping Block Duro Makgi
Guarding Block Daebi Makgi
Twin Forearm Block Sang Palmok Makgi
Twin Knife-Hand Block Sang Sonkal Makgi
Circular Block Dollimyo Makgi
U-Shape Block Mongdung-i Makgi
U-Shape Grasp Mongdung-i Japgi
W-Shape Block San Makgi
Horizontal Block Soopyong Makgi
Dodging Pihangi


English Korean
Front Snap Kick Apcha busigi
Side Piercing Kick Yopcha Jirugi
Flying High Kick Twimyo Nopi Chagi
Flying Side Piercing Kick Twimyo Yopcha Jirugi
Turning Kick Dollyo Chagi
Downward Kick Naeryo Chagi
Crescent Kick Bandal Chagi
Twisting Kick Bituro Chagi
Checking Kick Cha Momchugi
Pressing Kick Noollo Chagi
Reverse Turning Kick Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Back Piercing Kick Dwitcha Jirugi
Hooking Kick Golcho Chagi
Reverse Hooking Kick Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi
Upward Kick Ollyo Chagi
Flying Reverse Turning Kick Twimyo Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Consecutive Kick Yonsok Chagi
High Kick Nopunde Chagi
Piercing Kick Cha Jirugi
Side Thrusting Kick Yopcha Tulgi
Side Pushing Kick Yopcha Milgi
Side Front Snap Kick Yobap Cha Busigi
Pick-Shape Kick Gok-Kaeng-i Chagi
Vertical Kick Sewo Chagi
Sweeping Kick Suroh Chagi
Two Direction Kick Sangbang Chagi
Mid-Air Kick Twio Dolmyo Chagi
Waving Kick Doro Chagi


English Korean
3-Step Sparring Sambo Matsogi
2-Step Sparring Ibo Matsogi
1-Step Sparring Ilbo Matsogi
Semi-Free Sparring Ban Jayu Matsogi
Free Sparring Jayu Matsogi
Self-defence technique Jagi Bang-eo Gisul