Walking Stance / Gunnun Sogi
Reproduced from Encyclopedia Of Taekwon-Do, General Choi Hong Hi
This is a strong stace for front and rear, both in attack and defence.
- Move one foot to either the front or the rear at a distance of one and a half shoulder widths between the big toes and one shoulder width from one centre of the instep to the other. If the big toes are over one and a half shoulder width in distance then movement from this stance will be slow and weak against an attack from the side and weak against an attack from the front or the rear.
- Bend the front leg until the knee cap forms a vertical line with the heal extending the other leg fully.
- Distribute the body weight evenly on both feet.
- Keep the toes of the front foot pointing forward and the opposite foot 25 degrees outward. If the rear foot is more than 25 degrees, this weakens the leg joint against an attack from the rear.
- Tense the muscles of the feet with the feeling of pulling them toward each other.
When the right leg is at the front, the stance is called a right Walking Stance and when the left leg is at the front, it is called a left Walking Stance. It can either be full facing or half facing both in attack and defence.
There are a number of common mistakes when making a Walking Stance. These are:
- Feet are too close together - this make the student unsteady and encourages them to turn their rear foot round for more stability.
- Rear foot at almost 90 degrees rather than 25 degree - this is usually due to their feet being too close together and makes the stance almost indistinguishable from an L-Stance.
- Rear leg is bent - this reduces the power a student can deliver in a block or strike as they do not have a firm base to deliver it from.
- Rear foot is off the ground - usually due to the rear leg being bent and again reduces the power a student can deliver.
Centre of gravity
Centre of gravity
Incorrect - Rear Heal
Rear heal is off the ground.
Incorrect - Too Wide
Feet are too wide apart making movement slow and week.
Incorrect - Front Leg
The front leg is bent excessively giving poor weight distribution. This prohibits kicking with the front foot and makes movement, particularly a backward movement, weak.